The progress of the energy transition is accompanied by a comprehensive monitoring process. The annual monitoring reports focus on the ex-post analysis of the latest developments. The monitoring of energy transition aims to build as much as possible on statistical data and surveys conducted by official institutions. However, an independent reporting system has developed since 2004, particularly on the topics of investment, growth and employment through renewable energies, that has recently been extended to all aspects of the energy system transformation.
The energy transition entails further economic changes which are usually not represented in the official statistics as they require a cross-sectional view of existing classifications and statistics. One example is imports of fossil fuels, which are declining significantly due to the expansion of renewable energies and increasing energy efficiency. Against this background, the project serves to update the relevant economic indicators of energy transition annually. There is also a need for further research into some indicators.