The International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) publishes estimations of global employment linked to the installation, usage, and manufacturing of renewable energy as part of its annual report "Renewable Energy and Jobs - Annual Review". Since 2016 GWS supports this study by contributing evaluations of employment linked to hydro power. Based on internationally established approaches, global employment from small and large hydro power is being calculated, differentiating individual parts of the value chain as well as individual countries.
Public debate often gives the impression of a trade-off between economy and climate protection. It is becoming increasingly clear that the climate crisis is forcing far-reaching changes. At the same time, climate-friendly companies are growth drivers and are increasingly securing wealth and employment.
Against the background of current developments and the accelerating and profound transformation, the employment effects of an ambitious transition towards a green economy are analysed on behalf of Greenpeace to determine whether and to what extent they confirm or oppose the impression of a supposed conflict between economy and ecology. Based on a literature analysis, the current status on the one hand and possible developments until 2030 on the other hand are considered. In addition, the economic effects of an increased expansion of renewable energies in the electricity sector are assessed for the path of a 65% emission reduction by 2030.
The Thuringian Ministry for the Environment, Energy and Nature Conservation (TMUEN) has launched a state initiative on resource conservation and efficiency. One of the first steps in this initiative is the identification of relevant resource flows in Thuringia within the framework of our study. The first step is to identify data availability (and data gaps) in order to then report all relevant resource flows (domestic extraction and imports, consumption of raw materials, exports, charges to the environment, etc.) and their allocation to sectors and industries. Based on the assessement of relevance and actors constellations, recommendations for action for state policy will be derived using stakeholder analyses.
This project builds a global model to quantify short-term effects of climate-fiscal reforms on prices, economic structure, and labour market, including environmental taxation and revenue recycling policies. The modelling framework combines price- and quantity multiregional input-output models based on GTAP with econometrically estimated own and cross-price elasticities of sectors and households as well as substitution elasticities in international trade.
In the framework of this project a study on the taxation of the aviation sector in the European Union was prepared for the European Commission (DG TAXUD). The GINFORS-E model was applied to calculate the impact of different EU tax scenarios for other modes of transport and other sectors of the economy. It received inputs from the AERO-MS model, which provides a detailed representation of the aviation sector. DG TAXUD has published the report as part of the information on green taxation in the Fit for 55 package (the report is listed under "further reading").
The aim of this research project is to analyse the impacts of target species, climate policy implementation and international cooperation within the framework of the Paris Climate Change Agreement and the currently available national reduction contributions (Nationally determined contributions - NDCs) as well as within the framework of possible and necessary increases in ambition to achieve long-term climate protection goals (1.5°C).
The analyses will focus on international interrelations that are discussed in the context of the European Emissions Trading System under the heading of carbon leakage. By analysing given scenarios with different models (GEM-E3 and GINFORS_E), the project should also provide essential information on the "influencing factor model".
The project will be conducted by GWS together with E3-Modelling and Prof. Andreas Löschel for the German Enviroment Agency until mid 2021.
The political debate on sustainable energy supply is currently narrowing largely to a climate protection at justifiable costs for citizens and industry discussion. With this focus, numerous sustainability aspects such as resource requirements, social acceptance or emissions in the lifecycle of new technologies are ignored which the National Strategy of the Federal Government should bear in mind, striving for a transformation towards a sustainable energy system.
The main objective of the project is therefore the creation of a new generic modeling and evaluation environment for energy scenarios in which the technical-structural development paths of the energy system are analyzed, evaluated and multicriterially optimized on the basis of various economic, societal and environmentally relevant model-based targets.
The economic side of the energy system transformation in Germanyis often discussed in a shortened form along the lines of cost burdens and additional expenses. The transformation of the energy system and the exploitation of the potential for increasing energy efficiency, however, open up additional growth opportunities for suppliers of energy technology goods. The opportunities for all companies involved in energy technology goods and services and exporting - or importing - these goods have so far not been intensively examined and described. In this context, plants for electricity and heat generation from renewable energies and for increasing energy efficiency represent technologically sophisticated products that therefore fit well with the supply profile of German industry. The production of these plants is based on complex domestic and international value chains, so that imports and exports of energy technology goods have an influence on the German economy that has so far been insufficiently quantified. For an exporting nation, this knowledge gap is astonishing and the project is intended to close it both definitively and with data.
The project explores and develops scientific basis for a systemic monitoring and modelling of the bioeconomy (BE) in Germany. The three year project, led by University of Kassel, is sponsored by the German Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF). Detailed information can be found here.
The BMBF funded 3-year project focuses on the phenomenon that, despite the fact that significant progress in efficiency was achieved in the past 40 years, the overall consumption of energy and resources did not proportionately reduce. This might be due to macroeconomic rebound effects. But the consumption levels might have been also caused by other determinants of economic growth. Firstly, the project aims at an understanding of the relation between macroeconomic rebound effects and those other determinants of economic growth. It aims moreover to support the theoretical knowledge by statistical estimation of their significance for the energy and resource consumption (System knowledge). The second goal of the project is to develop political measures and instruments which effectively curtail macroeconomic rebound effects and which influence drivers of economic growth, and to examine their environmental and economic consequences (Orientation knowledge). Thirdly, the project aims at a development of politically feasible and rebound-proof instruments for the reduction of resource consumption in a close collaboration with non-scientific stakeholders within a
Policy Innovation Lab (Transformation knowledge).